Current Publications

Current Publications

trends-in-poverty-and-deprivation-index

Multi-Dimensional Deprivation in the U.S.Social Indicators Research (2017)

This paper presents a comprehensive analysis of multidimensional deprivation in the U.S. since the Great Recession, from 2008 to 2013. We estimate a multidimensional deprivation index by compiling individual level data from the American Community Survey. Lack of education, severe housing burden and lack of health insurance were some of the dimensions in which Americans were most deprived in. Our analysis underscores the need to look beyond income based poverty statistics in order to fully realize the impact of the recession on individuals’ well-being.

state-wise-poverty-in-india-2010

Measuring Segregation of the Poor: Evidence from India”, World Development (2016)

The question of how the poor are distributed regionally has received less attention. This paper fills the gap in the literature by providing a conceptual framework to measure inequality in the distribution of the poor. A poverty segregation curve is used to compare a region’s share of the poor population with its share in the overall population. A unique contribution of the paper is formulating a generalized version of the poverty segregation curve. The segregation curves are used to analyze changes in the distribution of the poor in India since the economic reforms in the early 1990s.

trends-in-standard-deviation-of-the-mean-decile

Are Countries becoming Equally Unequal?Empirical Economics (2016)

In this paper we analyze changes in income distributions across developing countries by carefully compiling panel data on cross-country decile income shares over the last 25 years. We find that decile income shares exhibited a statistically significant decline in dispersion between 1985 and 2011, providing strong evidence of sigma convergence in inequality. We conclude that relative income distributions among developing countries became more unequal but noticeably more similar over time.

percent-change-in-inequality-vs

Convergence in income distributions: Evidence from a Panel of Countries”, Economic Modelling (2016)

Using a large panel of Gini indices covering 81 countries between 1990 and 2010, we find strong evidence that inequality declined in nations that were initially highly unequal, while inequality increased in nations with initially low inequality. This pattern holds for both developed and developing countries, but developed countries’ relative income distributions have converged at a more rapid pace. These findings are robust to the method of estimation, level of economic development, time horizon, data source or measure of inequality.

a-relative-concentration-curve

On Distributional change, Pro-poor growth and Convergence” Journal of Economic Inequality, (2016)

This paper proposes a unified approach to the measurement of distributional change. The framework is used to define indices of inequality in proportional growth rates, convergence, and pro-poorness of growth and associated equivalent growth rates. A distinction is made between non-anonymous and anonymous measures. The analysis is extended by using the notion of generalized Gini index. Empirical illustrations based on Indian data on individual educational achievements and on state wide infant survival levels highlight the usefulness of the proposed measures.